Fillmore Utah - a city in Millard County USA

Fillmore Utah is a city in Millard County, Utah, United States. The population was 2,253 at the 2000 census. It is the county seat of Millard County.It is named for the thirteenth US President Millard Fillmore.

Fillmore is located at 5,135 feet (1,565 m) in elevation. It lies in the Pahvant Valley, near the base of the Pahvant Mountain Range.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 5.8 square miles (14.9 kmĀ²), all of it land.

Fillmore was the capital of the Utah Territory from 1851 to 1856. The original Utah Territorial Statehouse building still stands.

Fillmore, located near the geographic center of the territory, was originally built as the capital of Utah Territory. The Utah Territorial Legislature approved a plan to locate the capital in the Pahvant Valley. On October 28, 1851, Utah governor Brigham Young chose the specific site for Fillmore. Jesse W. Fox, that same day, surveyed the town.

Anson Call was the head of the colonizing company that shortly followed. Besides homes they built a grist mill and a saw mill.The capitol building was begun in 1852.

In the following years some disagreements developed with the Native Americans in the area, but Brigham Young sent Dimick B. Huntington to the area and he managed to negotiate a peace. The region was considered as a route, along the 38th parallel, for the transcontinental railroad. Captain John W. Gunnison, leading a military party surveying the region, was attacked by a band of Pahvants (Ute) west of Fillmore. In the resulting October 1853 massacre, Gunnison and seven of his men were killed. During the 1860s two forts, Fort Deseret and Cove Fort were constructed nearby as protection from Indian unrest.

In 1855, the territorial legislature met in Fillmore. However, in 1856, the legislature decided to move the Territorial Capital to the larger community of Salt Lake City.

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